Tips for students

As already mentioned in this paper, the thesis is the key to enter the new scientific community to which the student accesses, and to achieve this goal you must submit this document as a cover letter. However, the entrance into the new discursive community entails assuming multiple challenges in a research culture that has been inappropriate to date, as well as the need to tackle the challenge of overcoming highly demanding discursive and cognitive demands in relation to to writing processes and techniques that are not yet mastered and over which he has not received specific training. The logical consequence of this challenge is that the pitfalls

They are very difficult to save, and will not be solved if there are not adequate means to overcome them, such as peer review or thesis journal. In the absence of

resources and guidelines, experiences and references to compose the doctoral work, appear in the writer feelings of disorientation, loneliness, isolation, discouragement and anguish so many times mentioned by researchers who have addressed this issue. Therefore, the thesis student must fight first against a

first tendency to dispersion, that is, the propensity to delay the elaboration of the different sections that make up the thesis. As a result of their insecurity in decision-making, they also

will hesitate during the process on many occasions of their abilities to complete the project. The term to refer to these difficulties and the general complexity involved in developing the

Thesis is called TMT syndrome or, in English, ABD (All But Dissertation). Other external factors that also threaten the process of construction of the thesis are the concrete time available to complete it or the demand for unforeseen execution times initially, as well as the lack of availability and dedication to the thesis, which translates in the discontinuity in the time that is destined to its elaboration. This happens frequently, due to the work or family obligations of those doctoral students who do not have a scholarship or who do not

part of a research group. This situation is associated with

a series of feelings that lead to anguish for the writer of the thesis, together with the feeling of loneliness, the impotence produced by the inability to face a task of such magnitude, that

usually shows intermediate achievements, which are abandoned and retaken, the usual lack of experience in the writing of a research paper and the absence of references to perform the work of the thesis. These facts lead the students to feel insecure and, on many occasions, to doubt their possibilities and push them to abandon the project.

The investigation of Carlino, whose purpose was to glimpse the obstacles in the composition of the master’s thesis, collects – in addition to those mentioned so far – one of the complaints

Most frequent of doctoral students, and this is that they do not receive all the support and guidance they need from the institutions and directors, nor do they receive the appropriate materials to face the difficulties that arise in the process of preparing the thesis. In addition, Carlino describes four trends in the writing of the thesis in a subsequent study

doctoral that can be summarized in two essential points, which give example of the complexity of the composition of a doctoral thesis, as it has tried to describe throughout this section in which it has influenced the internal and external difficulties that face the doctoral student during this process. In first

place, the impotence of the student to write with the reader’s conscience and to revise the writing to transform the knowledge of the party by reorganizing the texts. Through its resolution

they would be able to capture the sketches made progressively in the advance of research on paper and thus overcome the feeling of anguish born of the postponement of writing that is carried out in discontinuity. The second is that students are disarmed by the challenge of writing in a

discursive genre that they do not know and, either they make mistakes in the process that they manage to amend with the help of their director, or they abandon the project, surpassed by its size. In this case, an orientation on the intermediate processes of the organization and the composition of the text, guided by the thesis director, would avoid many of the frustrations that the doctoral student faces in the first stages of writing.